Accelerated C++ Solution to Exercise 7-2

Exercise 7-2

Extend the program in S4.2.3/64 to assign letter grades by ranges:

A 90-100
B 80-89.99...
C 70-79.99...
D 60-69.99...
F < 60

Solution

The strategy:

  1. Make a copy of the entire projects from Solution to Exercise 4-0. (i.e. the sample programs in Chapter 4 of the textbook).
  2. Write a new home-made getLetterGrade function that returns a string letterGrade given an input (numeric) double grade, using if/else condition.
  3. In the main program, use the getletterGrade function to compute the student’s string letterGrade. Have an associative array letterGradeCount that maps a string (letter grade) to integer (to keep track of letter grade occurrences).

The Program

Here summarises the entire Code::Block Project, including the header and source files.

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Source File List

Header File List

Source Files

main.cpp


#include <algorithm>
#include <iomanip>
#include <ios>
#include <iostream>
#include <stdexcept>
#include <string>
#include <vector>
#include <map>
#include "grade.h"
#include "Student_info.h"
#include "getLetterGrade.h"

using std::cin;
using std::cout;
using std::endl;
using std::domain_error;
using std::max;
using std::setprecision;
using std::sort;
using std::streamsize;
using std::string;
using std::vector;
using std::map;

int main()
{
  vector<Student_info> students;
  Student_info record;
  string::size_type maxlen = 0;   // the length of the longest name

  // read and store all the student's data.
  // Invariant:   students contain all the student records read so far
  //              maxlen contains the length of the longest name in students
  while (read(cin, record))
  {
    // find the length of longest name
    maxlen = max(maxlen, record.name.size());
    students.push_back(record);
  }

  // alphabetize the student records
  sort(students.begin(), students.end(), compare);

  // write the names and grades
  map<string, int> letterGradeCount;   // To store letter grade occurrences.
  for (vector<Student_info>::size_type i = 0;
       i != students.size(); ++i)
  {
    //write the name, padded on teh right to maxlen + 1 characters
    cout << students[i].name
         << string(maxlen + 1 - students[i].name.size(), ' ');

     //compute and write the grade
    try
    {
      double final_grade = grade(students[i]);
      string letterGrade = getLetterGrade(final_grade);
      letterGradeCount[letterGrade]++;         // Count Letter Grades.
      streamsize prec = cout.precision();
      cout << setprecision(3) << final_grade
           << setprecision(prec) << " (" << letterGrade << ")";
    }
    catch (domain_error e)
    {
      cout << e.what();
    }
    cout << endl;
  }
  // Display letter grade summary
  cout << "\nLetter Grade Summary" << endl;
  for (map<string, int>::const_iterator i = letterGradeCount.begin();
      i != letterGradeCount.end(); ++i)
    cout << i->first << ": " << i->second << endl;

  return 0;
}

getletterGrade.cpp


#include <string>

using std::string;

// Convert a numeric grade into a letter grade.
// (For Exercise 7-2)
string getLetterGrade(double grade) {

  string ret;

  if (grade >= 90.0)
    ret = "A";
  else if (grade >= 80.0 && grade < 90.0)
    ret = "B";
  else if (grade >= 70.0 && grade < 80.0)
    ret = "C";
  else if (grade >= 60.0 && grade < 70.0)
    ret = "D";
  else
    ret = "F";

  return ret;
}

grade.cpp


#include <stdexcept>
#include <vector>
#include "grade.h"
#include "median.h"
#include "Student_info.h"

using std::domain_error;
using std::vector;

// definitions for the grade functions from S4.1/52, S4.1.2/54, S4.2.2/63

// compute a student's overall grade from midterm and final exam
// grades and homework grade (S4.1/52)
double grade(double midterm, double final, double homework)
{
    return 0.2 * midterm + 0.4 * final + 0.4 * homework;
}

// compute a student's overall grade from midterm and final exam grades
// and vector of homework grades.
// this function does not copy its argument, because median (function) does it for us.
// (S4.1.2/54)
double grade(double midterm, double final, const vector<double>& hw)
{
    if (hw.size() == 0)
        throw domain_error("student has done no homework");
    return grade(midterm, final, median(hw));
}

// this function computes the final grade for a Student_info object
// (S4.2.2/63)
double grade(const Student_info& s)
{
    return grade(s.midterm, s.final, s.homework);
}

median.cpp

// source file for the median function
#include <algorithm>
#include <stdexcept>
#include <vector>

using std::domain_error;
using std::sort;
using std::vector;

// compute the median of a vector<double>
// (S4.1.1/53)
double median(vector<double> vec)
{
    typedef vector<double>::size_type vec_sz;

    vec_sz size = vec.size();
    if (size == 0)
        throw domain_error("median of an empty vector");

    sort(vec.begin(),vec.end());

    vec_sz mid = size/2;

    return size % 2 == 0 ? (vec[mid] + vec[mid-1]) / 2 : vec[mid];
}

Student_info.cpp


#ifndef GUARD_STUDENT_INFO_H
#define GUARD_STUDENT_INFO_H

// Student_info.h
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <vector>

struct Student_info
{
    std::string name;
    double midterm, final;
    std::vector<double> homework;
};

bool compare(const Student_info&, const Student_info&);
std::istream& read(std::istream&, Student_info&);
std::istream& read_hw(std::istream&, std::vector<double>&);

#endif // GUARD_STUDENT_INFO_H

</p>

Header Files

getletterGrade.h

#ifndef GUARD_GETLETTERGRADE_H
#define GUARD_GETLETTERGRADE_H

// getLetterGrade.h

#include <string>

std::string getLetterGrade(double);

#endif // GUARD_GETLETTERGRADE_H

grade.h


#ifndef GUARD_GRADE_H
#define GUARD_GRADE_H

//grade.h
#include <vector>
#include "Student_info.h"

double grade(double, double, double);
double grade(double, double, const std::vector<double>&);
double grade(const Student_info&);

#endif // GUARD_GRADE_H

median.h

#ifndef GUARD_MEDIAN_H
#define GUARD_MEDIAN_H

// median.h - final version
#include <vector>
double median(std::vector<double>);

#endif // GUARD_MEDIAN_H

Student_info.h


#ifndef GUARD_STUDENT_INFO_H
#define GUARD_STUDENT_INFO_H

// Student_info.h
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <vector>

struct Student_info
{
    std::string name;
    double midterm, final;
    std::vector<double> homework;
};

bool compare(const Student_info&, const Student_info&);
std::istream& read(std::istream&, Student_info&);
std::istream& read_hw(std::istream&, std::vector<double>&);

#endif // GUARD_STUDENT_INFO_H

Test Program

I test the program by submitting a list of sample student grades. The program automatically compute and display the numeric and letter grades. It also creates a letter grade summary to count occurances per letter grade.

johnny   90 90 90 90 90
jason    85 85 85 85 85
billy    82 82 82 82 82
fred     80 80 80 80 80
frank    70 70 70 70 70
jay      66 66 66 66 66
bob      60 60 60 60 60
mary     50 50 50 50 50
ann      40 40 40 40 40
bill     30 30 30 30 30
goat     10 10 10 10 10
dog      0  0  0  0  0
^Z
^Z
ann    40 (F)
bill   30 (F)
billy  82 (B)
bob    60 (D)
dog    0 (F)
frank  70 (C)
fred   80 (B)
goat   10 (F)
jason  85 (B)
jay    66 (D)
johnny 90 (A)
mary   50 (F)

Letter Grade Summary
A: 1
B: 3
C: 1
D: 2
F: 5

Reference

Koenig, Andrew & Moo, Barbara E., Accelerated C++, Addison-Wesley, 2000

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